The 2003 edition of this handbook on international electronic countermeasures features expanded coverage of Russian, Eastern European and Chinese electronic warfare, electronic intelligence-gathering, and guided-weapon systems. It also contains new and revised entries for defence electronics systems from all nations. With system technical data, photographs and operational details, this resource should be of use to military and industry professionals who are concerned with defence electronics in the modern world. The handbook also describes known threats, providing details of missiles which can be launched from static and mobile ground-based sites, from ships or from aircraft. There is comprehensive information on the status, parameters, deployment, and manufacturer of each system. This work includes every important class of military surveillance and electronic intelligent systems for ESM (electronic support measures); SIGINT (signals intelligence); COMINT (communications intelligence); and DF (direction finding) systems.